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From the Institute for Integrative Healthcare

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A sprain is an injured ligament (tissue linking bone to bone). It can range from just a few injured fibers (first degree sprain) to a complete rupture (third degree sprain) to a tearing of the entire ligament and breaking of all surrounding bones (fifth degree). Symptoms include pain, heat, swelling, redness and a loss of joint function. The most commonly sprained joint is the ankle. A precise diagnosis is needed to make sure there are no broken bones.


The best initial treatment for a sprain is rest, ice, compression and elevation (Usually remembered by the acronym R.I.C.E.). Massage should not be administered until 1-3 days after the injury depending on the severity. Massage is good for reducing adhesions and influencing the new formation of collagen fibers as well as reducing stiffness.

Can be alleviated by:

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